Applied Sciences > Medicine > N-005

Research Title Compendium on Dengue in the Philippines
Research Personnel Leader:
Dr. Nelia P. Salazar

Research Duration Start:
16 April 2012
15 April 2014
Research Location NCR
Research Description Seventy percent of the world population are living in dengue-prone areas where two known Stegomyia mosquito vector species namely Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus live close to man. About 50-100 million people are infected yearly, accounting for half a million hospitalizations and 12,500-25,000 deaths, twice as much in children as in other age groups. From 9 countries before 1970 dengue is endemic in more than 110 countries to date. Considered by WHO as second only to malaria and one of sixteen so-called neglected tropical diseases, the disease burden of dengue is estimated to be 1600 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per million population, similar to other childhood and tropical diseases such as tuberculosis and polio. In line then with the 6th UN Millennium Development Goal which is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major infectious diseases, the aim is to reduce morbidity and mortality due to dengue. Classical dengue, a self-limiting mosquito-borne viral disease associated with fever, headache, muscle and joint pains was a known clinical disease entity before World War II. Epidemics of its more severe and potentially fatal manifestations, dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) occurred in 1954 in Manila and Bangkok. From then onwards the disease has been increasing in alarming proportions up until present times. Initially an urban disease dengue has spread to peri-urban and rural areas and has become endemic throughout the archipelago. Case fatality rates have decreased due to improved disease recognition and case management, but the cyclical pattern of rainfall, disease and outbreaks remains. How can current knowledge and recent work on dengue help provide the framework for dengue control with due regard to culture, governance, and human resources in the Philippines? Hence this project.
Research Objectives (1) To compile all published and unpublished work on dengue in the Philippines; (2) To update knowledge and advances in research on dengue; (3) To promote information sharing and dissemination of public health information; (4) To identify gaps in knowledge for research, capacity building and training; (5) To advocate for support and involvement of all stakeholders in dengue prevention and control.
Research Beneficiary(ies) Researchers, clinicians, disease control/vector control personnel, program managers, teachers and students in tropical medicine and the health sciences, general readership
Research Accoplishments Colloquium on dengue; Compilation of database on dengue by title, by author, and source of information; Launching of website homepage:
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Code N-005
KRA Code Poverty Reduction and Empowerment of the Poor
Priority Thrust DOST
Pressing national problems

Sector Applied Sciences
Actual Sector Anti-dengue
Related sectors Healthcare
Entry revision: January 2021