Applied Sciences > Medicine > N-006

Research Title Socioeconomics of Dengue (Management of Anti-Dengue Program in the Philippines)
Research Personnel Leader:
Dr. Judilynn N. Solidum

Research Duration Start:
16 April 2012
15 April 2015
Research Location Quezon City, Camarines, Manila
Research Description The dengue virus infection is the most common arthropod-borne disease worldwide (Day-Yu Chao, 1998). It is a disease that claimed lives even in the Philippines. Mosquito-borne disease transmission is climate sensitive for several reasons namely: mosquitoes require standing water to breed, and a warm ambient temperature is critical to adult feeding behaviour and mortality, the rate of larval development and speed of virus replication (Focks, 1993; Patz, 1998; Hales, 2002). With cold climate, the disease will not propagate due to slowed viral development (Hales, 2002). Other factors may also affect the prevalence of dengue. These include wooden housing, absence of screens on windows or doors, existence of mosquito breeding sites on the premises like emply containers in the house, empty houses or ponds around the dwelling and presence of domestic animals (Day-Yu Chao, 1998). Further, it was mentioned that social and environmental factors, including increased urbanization (particularly of poor populations lacking basic health services) as well as expansion of international travel and trade, are linked to the resurgence of dengue disease ( To identify the different environmental factors that increase the incidence of dengue will be of help in its prevention. Also, it was mentioned that knowledge is affected by education but is not correlated with use of prevention measures. The best source of knowledge on dengue comes frmo the TV and radio (Shuaib et al, 2010). FOrtification of knowledge and community attitude on dengue is vital for its prevention. The project aims to identify environmental variables that affect the occurrence of dengue. Specifically, it aims to correlate climate change with dengue prevalence, population to the occurrence of dengue fever, wastes int he area and community household environment with the rise in the disease. In one study, it was stated that even though climate change may play an increasing role in the transmission of dengue fever, there is no clear evidence that shows that such impact has already occurred. Further, it suggested that more research is needed across countries to better understand the relationship between climate change and dengue transmission. Future research should also consider and adjust for the influence of important socio-environmental factors in the assessment of the climate change-related effects on dengue transmission (Banu, 2011). This study will be a validation of previous international works done in the Philippine setting. Likewise, it is an extension of the inconclusive assessment previously made by other researchers on the effects of socio-environmenral factors to dengue occurrence.
Research Objectives To assess the gaps in the management of programs against dengue in the Philippines. Specifically, to (1) identify the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of chosen communities to dengue and its control; (2) Assess the gaps of the program based on the survey and observation conducted; (3) Perform post-evaluation program improvement; (4) Assess the success or failure of use of fogging, ovi trap, and environmental cleanup int he community to prevent dengue; (5) Compare the merits of the proposed adaptation strategies agaisnt dengue of the ReMoVE Dengue group with the current ones in use; (6) Compare the effects on dengue fever prevalence of previous household environment with the improved household environment as implemented by the project; (7) Correlate population to the occurrence of dengue fever; (8) Correlate wastes int he area with the rise in the disease.
Research Beneficiary(ies) General public
Research Accoplishments Community involvement on correct practices about dengue, behavior change on adults thru information dissemination to correct misconception and risky health behaviors, better knowledge for children thru storytelling using original story books. Establishment of linkages with different agencies with concerns on dengue, data collection for the last 30 years; database related to climate, population and waste in dengue prone areas
Total Research Cost
Research Agencies Funding:
UP Manila

Research Budget Breakdown Year:
Year Funded:
Total Cost
Date Released
Amount Released

Code N-006
KRA Code Poverty Reduction and Empowerment of the Poor
Priority Thrust DOST
Pressing national problems

Sector Applied Sciences
Actual Sector Anti-dengue
Related sectors Healthcare